google-site-verification: googlea9a7bb945be0257d.html Jagad-enjang: Kesalahan Umum Penggunaan Prepositions Bahasa Inggris

Saturday, November 29, 2014

Kesalahan Umum Penggunaan Prepositions Bahasa Inggris

Dalam bahasa Inggris, penggunaan prepositions seringkali kacau atau salah (Prepositions often confused). Kita akan memberikan contoh, bagaimana penggunaan prepositions secara tepat diterapkan dalam sebuah kalimat. Berikut contoh penggunaan prepositions yang salah dan penggunaan prepositions yang benar dalam sebuah kalimat.

Prepositions often confused

to & at : di
Salah : We come at school every morning.
Benar : We come to school every morning.

Salah : The teacher is standing to the door.
Benar : The teacher is standing at the door.

to & till/until : sampai
Salah : We walked till the river and back.
Benar : We walked to the river and back.

Salah : I will stay here to next month.
Benar : I will stay here until/till next month.

Penjelasan:
to digunakan untuk keterangan tempat, sedangkan till/until untuk keterangan waktu (until tomorrow, until next week etc.

perkecualian:
We usually have our lunch-break from twelve to(until) one.
It's another four weeks to (until) the holidays.

in & into : di dalam, ke dalam
Salah : She spent all the day into her room.
Benar : She spent all the day in her room.

Salah : She came in the room and sat down.
Benar : She came into the room and sat down.

on, at, in (time) : pada
Salah : Father will arrive in Sunday.
Benar : Father will arrive on Sunday.

Salah : I usually get up on 5 a.m.
Benar : I usually get up at 5 a.m.

Catatan:
at noon, at night, at midnight, at dawn.

Salah : We always play tennis on the afternoon.
Benar : We always play tennis in the afternoon.

Catatan: in the morning, in the evening, in June, in 1997, in spring, etc.

in, on, at (place) : di

Salah : I live at Surabaya.
Benar : I live in Surabaya.

Catatan : in Indonesia, in Jakarta, in the city, in the village, in town.

Salah : I live in Jl. Diponegoro.
Benar : I live on Jl. Diponegoro.

Salah : I live on Jl. Mawar Indah no. 9
Benar : I live at Jl. Mawar Indah no. 9

between & among : diantara
Salah : There is a difference among me and him.
Benar : There is a difference between me and him.

Salah : There is a difference between them three.
Benar : There is a difference among them three.
between adalah diantara 2 orang/benda/tempat, sedangkan among adalah diantara lebih dari 2 orang/benda/tempat.

Penggunaan khusus.
make: membuat
Made in (a country): This car is made in japan.
Made of (one material): This cup is made of gold.
Made from (a number of material): Glass is made from sand and lime.
Made by (someone): This cake is made by my sister.

Demikian beberapa contoh penggunaan prepositions yang sering kacau/salah dan contoh penggunaan prepositions yang benar dalam sebuah kalimat.

Incorrect-omissions-of-prepositions.

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