google-site-verification: googlea9a7bb945be0257d.html Jagad-enjang: Menyatakan Pendapat Tentang Masa Lampau Bahasa Inggris

Saturday, April 4, 2015

Menyatakan Pendapat Tentang Masa Lampau Bahasa Inggris

Membentuk kalimat untuk menyatakan pendapat tentang masa lampau bahasa Inggris. Membentuk kalimat dengan pola should + have + past participle, ought to  have + past participle, shouldn't + have + past participle, needn't + have + past participle. Kalimat yang menunjukkan hal yang seharusnya dilakukan, tidak seharusnya dilakukan, tidak perlu dilakukan  pada masa lampau.

Hal yang seharusnya dilakukan, tetapi tidak dilakukan

SHOULD + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

- Iwan: Oh, it's hot!
- Beno: Yes, I should  have brought a hat.
- Vera: I didn't buy any lemonade.
- Sisi: Ow Vera, you should've bought some. It's so hot today.
- Jane: I read about that man and his son who died in the desert.
- Jane: You know, he didn't take any water with him.
- Via: She should've taken some. Then he wouldn't have died of thirst.

Bentuk ini menunjukkan: Hal yang seharusnya dilakukan pada masa lampau, tetapi tidak dilakukan. Kita bisa menggunakan bentuk singkat sebagai berikut.

- He didn't drive carefully, but he should have (= he should have driven carefully)
- They didn't take any water, but they should have.
- She wasn't at the party, but she should have been.

Dan bentuk singkat lain, kali ini dengan didn't:
- They should've taken some water, but they didn't (= they didn't take any water)
- I should've bought it, but I didn't.
- He should've told her, but he didn't.


OUGHT TO + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

- Jane: Did you go to the meeting today?
- Dion: No, I didn't. I ought to have gone, but I didn't have enough time.

OUGHT TO HAVE mempunyai arti yang sama dengan should have, tetapi perhatikan bahwa ought selalu diikuti oleh to.


Hal yang tidak seharusnya dilakukan di masa lampau, tetapi sudah dilakukan

SHOULDN'T + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

- Sisi: It's going to rain. We shouldn't have come to the match.
- Vera: I spent a lot of money today. I shouldn't have spent so much.

Bentuk ini menunjukkan hal yang tidak seharusnya untuk dilakukan pada masa lampau, tetapi sudah dilakukan. Contoh bentuk singkat yang sering kita pakai.

- I spent a lot of money, but I shouldn't have.
- I shouldn't have spent so much money, but I did.
- We came to the match, but we shouldn't have.
- We shouldn't have come to the match, but we did.

Catatan: oughtn't to have adalah bentuk yang sama, tetapi tidak sering dipakai seperti halnya bentuk shouldn't have.


Hal yang dilakukan di masa lampau yang sebenarnya tidak perlu dilakukan

NEEDN'T + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE

- You brought a coat! You know it wasn't necessary. it's quite hot today.
- You needn't have brought one!

- Boby wore a suit to the party, but it wasn't necessary. No one else wore a suit.
- He needn't have worn one, then.
- No, he needn't have.

Bentuk ini (yang selalu menyangkal) menunjukkan sesuatu yang dilakukan pada masa lampau yang sebenarnya tidak perlu dilakukan.

- She had some bread at home. She needn't have bought any.
- He wasn't late, so he needn't have driven fast.
- They took their umbrellas, but they needn't have.

Dalam contoh terakhir diatas, ungkapan needn't have tidak diikuti oleh past participle, (bentuk singkat)

Berikut beberapa contoh lain:
- I took my coat, but I needn't have (taken it).
- He oiled the lawnmower , but he needn't have.

- He needn't have oiled the lawnmower, but he did (oil it)
- I needn't have taken my coat, but I did.

Beberapa contoh yang dipakai dalam bentuk pasiv:
- The timber should've been delivered last Sunday.
- The stove ought to have been repaired.

- That box shouldn't have been put there.
- The matter needn't have been mentioned.

Sekian apa  yang dapat saya informasikan untuk topik Menyatakan Pendapat Tentang Masa Lampau Bahasa Inggris, semoga bermanfaat untuk anda, dan mohon koreksinya untuk kesalahan yang mungkin terjadi.

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